Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country by land area in the world and the largest landlocked country. Its history dates back to bronze age with Scythians tribes roaming in the steppes and the mountains  of the country.  Scythians were supplanted by the Turkic speakers from the east who spread into various tribal groupings. The invasion of Mongols had great impact on the region who held their Karaultai the grand assembly on the steppes which started the distribution of Mongol empire resulting in the emergence of Khanates in the region. The Kazakh groups were united under the strong leadership of Abul Khair Khan which fought many successive battles against the enemies including Dzungars.  It was then the beginning of the imperial Russian forces which spread their arm across the country whose downfall resulted in the emergence of Bolshevik rule with the formation of Soviet Union.  After the dismemberment of Soviet Union Kazakhstan declared its independence as the last of the Central Asian Republics in 1991.

Day 01: Arrive Almaty – o/n

Day 02: Almaty – see the Golden Warrior Prince at the State Museum – Holy Ascension Cathedral – the
Medeo the largest rink – the Green Bazaar – the famous Kurgans(burial mounds) – O/n

Day 03: Almaty – Day excursion to Charyn Canyon – see the wonderful rock formations

Day 04: Almaty – Day excursion to Tamgaly rock drawings – best of Bronze period rock drawings and the Scythian burial pits
 
Day 05: Almaty/Astana – Flt
See the new rising capital – full of multi culture modern architecture boom – a short afternoon drive to the see Alzhir repression camp what man can do to a man
 
Day 06: Astana/Shymkent – Flt
Morning flight to Shymkent – excursion to Turkestan – see the mausoleum of the spiritual mentor of Tamerlane, Ahmed Yassawi – discover the horrors of Mongol invasion at the ruins of Otrar

Day 07: Shymkent/Almaty – Flt

End of the tour

*For detailed information please contact us

Extensions:

If you wish to extend your stay in Central Asia we recommend you consider one of the following tours:

Nature
Day 01: Shymkent/Aksu Djabagly Park – o/n
Day 02: Aksu Djabagly – full day walks, horse rides in the Park – undisturbed nature of flora and fauna (for best visiting season contact us for details)
Day 03: Aksu Djabagly/Shymkent – Tashkent or flight to Almaty
 
See a rocket blast off
Day 01: Almaty/Kyzlorda – Flt
Kyzlorda/Baikonur – the Space Museum – hostel of cosmonauts – possible blast off – o/n
Day 02: Baikonur/Aralsk – Rd
Day 03: Aralsk – a day at the last beaches of a dying Aral Sea – see the hope of re-watering efforts
the rusting boats in the sands that was Aral Sea – o/n
Day 04: Aralsk/Kyzlorda/Almaty – Flt
 
Western Kazakhstan
Day 01: Almaty or Astana/Atyrau – Flt
The booming Oil economy – excursion to Oral River – Caviar treats
Day 02: Atyrau/Aktau – Flt
Caspian Sea beaches – Mangistau – Shakpak Ata mosques – Fort Shevchenko – o/n
Day 03: Aktau/Almaty or Astana - Flt
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